Erika Hagelberg is professor of evolutionary biology at the Department of Biosciences, University of Oslo. Her main research interests include ancient DNA typing, human molecular genetics and molecular evolution. She has worked on developing methods to extract and analyze DNA from archaeological bones. In the 1990s, she was among the first who applied bone DNA typing in forensic identification, including the first use of microsatellite DNA in forensics. Since then, she have used molecular markers, mainly mitochondrial DNA, to investigate the origin and migration of human populations. Ongoing projects address the colonization of the Pacific and Southeast Asia, genetic variation in Norwegian populations, and analysis of bone DNA from the crew of the Mary Rose. Other interests include the evolution of language, history of science, and controversies about genetic identity. The focus of research in this project is "Human molecular genetics in forensic identification and human evolution, and its relation to identity, (1990-2012)".